Publications and outputs

These are the main publications and outputs from our Relative Strangers project. Alternatively, you might be interested in:

Alternatively, you might be interested in information for families of donor-conceived children (also for professionals working in donor conception).


Nordqvist, P. and Smart, C. (2014) Relative Strangers: Family life, genes and donor conception. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Book chapters

Nordqvist, P. and Smart, C. (2014) 'Grandparents of donor-conceived children' in We are Family? Perceptions of relatedness in assisted conception families, eds. T. Freeman, F Ebtehaj, S. Graham, M Richards. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nordqvist, P. (2013) 'Lesbian love and the troublesome sperm donor: Intimacy, normality and morality in new stories about conception' in Mapping Intimacies: Relations, Exchanges, Affects, eds T. Sanger and Y. Taylor. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Journal articles

Nordqvist, P. and Smart, C. (2014) 'Troubling the Family: Coming Out as Lesbian or Gay', Families, Relationships and Societies, 3 (1): 97-112. DOI: 10.1332/204674313X667380

Nordqvist, P. (2014) 'The drive for openness in donor conception: Disclosure and the trouble with real life.' International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family 28(3) pp 321-338. DOI:10.1093/lawfam/ebu010

Sharing knowledge

Shaping policy

We were invited to contribute to the Nuffield Council on Bioethics report on the ethical aspects of disclosure in donor conception, published in 2013. This influential report makes recommendations about what can be done to support, encourage and empower those making decisions about the sharing of information about donor conception. Our contribution was referred to several times in the final report and Carol Smart was invited to speak at the report launch event.


We have taken part in events organised by groups including the Progress Educational Trust, Calder Valley Lesbian Parents Group and the Donor Conception Network. We have given 27 presentations to academic or research groups (20 in the UK and 7 international).