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School of Social Sciences

Students outside a lecture theatre at The University of Manchester
BAEcon Economics
Learn how the social sciences can help you to understand today's world.

BAEcon Economics

Year of entry: 2018

Course unit details:
Modelling Social Inequality

Unit code SOST30031
Credit rating 20
Unit level Level 3
Teaching period(s) Semester 1
Offered by Social Statistics
Available as a free choice unit? Yes


Based on the central theme of investigating social inequality, I introduce the concepts, theory and application of two important statistical modelling techniques in social science: multiple regression and logistic regression. I also introduce related concepts such as social interaction and social distance.

==============Lecture Schedule (10 x 2hr lectures)

1. Some important studies, measures and concepts of social inequality.
2. Identifying secondary data on social inequality (e.g. via; units of analysis; area and individual level data; types of response and explanatory variable.
3. Introducing linear regression - modelling an interval response variable like income. software.
4. linear regression continued. Model selection.
5. linear regression continued. Checking the assumptions, reporting the results.
6. Examples of linear regression in studies of social inequality in the literature such as measuring social distance.
7. Introducing logistic regression - modelling a dichotomous response variable like unemployment.
8. Logistic regression continued - odds ratios, model selection.
9. Logistic regression continued. Checking the assumptions, reporting the results
10. Examples of logistic regression in studies of social inequality in the literature such as class differences in educational and employment outcomes.

Tutorials (10 x 1hr tutorials).

The tutorials will be linked to each lecture. I will need to use a computer cluster for these.


NB - this is a new course for the 2013/14 academic year and is therefore subject to minor changes.

The unit aims to:

(i). Outline some important studies, measures, concepts and theories of social inequality, both in the UK and worldwide.
(ii) Introduce some valuable web-based resources of secondary quantitative data, both for the UK and worldwide.
(iii) Explain how linear regression may be used to test hypotheses regarding social inequalities when the response variable has an interval scale, and how logistic regression may be used when the response variable has two categories.
(iv) Demonstrate how statistical software like SPSS and R may be used to carry out such analyses.
(v) Give details of assessing the statistical quality of linear and logistic regression model fit, and the substantive interpretation of the results.
(vi) Provide examples of the use of linear and logistic regression in the literature on social inequality.

Learning outcomes

Student should/will (please delete as appropriate) be able to

Knowledge and Understanding: A critical understanding of when linear or logistic regression analysis might be appropriate to analyse quantitative social data given substantive hypotheses on social inequality. Some social outcomes or indices like income are on interval scales for which linear regression may be used. Other social outcomes like education or employment have two categories (or can be re-coded to have two categories) for which logistic regression may be used.

Intellectual skills: How to formulate hypotheses to investigate social inequality with linear and regression models. How to decide which variables to include on a substantive basis.

Practical skills: How to fit linear regression models in standard statistical software such as SPSS or R (with a menu interface).

Transferable skills and personal qualities: Ability to formulate and run linear and logistic regression models for other substantive problems. Ability to use statistical software such as SPSS and R (with a menu interface).

Teaching and learning methods

The module will involve: lectures, computer labs, and data analysis tasks using SPSS and R.

Extensive use will be made of relevant on-line resources including: literature resources and examples of use of software. Moreover, the data itself will be accessed on-line.

Blackboard resources will be used to provide lecture materials.

Assessment methods

This course will be assessed by 1 x 2,000 word written assignment (50%) and 1 x 2 hour exam (50%).

Students will also be required to submit a non-assessed assignment earlier in the course for formative feedback.

Feedback methods


All Social Statistics courses include both formative feedback – which lets you know how you’re getting on and what you could do to improve – and summative feedback – which gives you a mark for your assessed work.

Recommended reading


Wilkinson R. Pickett K 'The Spirit Level: Why Equality is Better for Everyone'.

Jones O. (2012) 'Chavs: The Demonization of the Working Class' ; 2nd Revised edition. Verso Books

Dorling D. (2011) 'Injustice: Why Social Inequality Persists' (Paperback). Policy Press.

Dorling D (2013) 'The 32 Stops'. Penguin.

Field A (2012) 'Discovering Statistics Using R' [Paperback]. Sage.

Field A R (2013) Discovering Statistics using IBM SPSS Statistics [Paperback]. Sage.

On-line Resources

Is Britain Pulling Apart?
Economic & Social Data Service (ESDS)
ESDS international
Research Methods Centre

Study hours

Scheduled activity hours
Lectures 20
Practical classes & workshops 10
Independent study hours
Independent study 170

Teaching staff

Staff member Role
Mark Tranmer Unit coordinator

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